Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists by John Daintith, Sarah Mitchell, Elizabeth Tootill, Derek

By John Daintith, Sarah Mitchell, Elizabeth Tootill, Derek Gjertsen

This finished compendium brings jointly 2200 scientists who've made very important contributions to the large global of technology. instead of a Who’s-Who kind laundry checklist, this straight forward source presents crucial biographical details and makes a speciality of clinical success. certainly, it's as a lot a booklet approximately technological know-how because it is set the amazing scientists who contain the field.

Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists concentrates at the 'traditional pure’ sciences of physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, and the earth sciences. It additionally covers drugs and arithmetic and encompasses a collection of those who have made vital contributions to engineering, know-how, anthropology, psychology, and philosophy.

Contains extra Biographies than different Comparably Sized Titles

Written by way of a well-known authority within the box, the simple prose eases readers into subtle techniques, like summary arithmetic and smooth theoretical physics. The ebook highlights all Nobel Prize winners and renowned scientists similar to Keith Campbell, Ian Wilmut, and John Nash. Compiled in A-Z kind, this paintings is the authoritative quantity of its type.

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Through travel and self-education he developed an interest in spinning machinery and in 1769 he patented a water-powered machine that, unlike previous machines, produced a cotton yarn strong enough for use as warp. This machine was used in the horse-driven mill he established at Nottingham (1768) to produce machine-spun yarn. In 1771 he set up a water-powered mill in Cromford, Derbyshire, and in the following years established a number of factories employing machinery for all processes of textile manufacture from carding to spinning.

He worked at the University of Hamburg’s Bergedorf Observatory from 1919 to 1931, when he moved to America. He spent the rest of his career at the Mount Wilson and Palomar Observatories, retiring in 1958. In 1920 Baade discovered the minor planet Hidalgo, whose immense orbit extends to that of Saturn. He was also, in 1949, to detect the minor planet Icarus, whose orbit, which lies within that of Mercury, can bring it very close to Earth. In the 1930s he did important work with Fritz ZWICKY on supernovae, with Edwin HUBBLE on galactic distances, and with his old Hamburg colleague, Rudolph MINKOWSKI, on the optical identification of radio sources.

He produced many works on medicine, most notably Medicinalium introductionum speculum (An Introductory View of Medicine), and also works on theology and chemistry. The many alchemical works, including Rosarium philosophorum (A Rose Garden of Philosophers), that were attributed to him and that had considerable influence in the following centuries are now thought not to be his work. 27 Aspect, Alain Arrhenius is also remembered for the ArArrhenius, Svante August (1859–1927) rhenius equation, which relates the rate of a Swedish physical chemist These new theories [of Arrhenius] … suffered from the misfortune that nobody really knew where to place them.

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