By Cilja Harders and Matteo Legrenzi
Nearby cooperation, Regionalism and Regionalization within the heart East are typically thought of to be susceptible and quite ceremonial. despite the fact that, because September eleven, 2001, a brand new nearby order is rising and the effect of geostrategic alterations within the foreign atmosphere haven't begun to be satisfactorily studied. With older neighborhood agencies struggling with weaknesses, new types seem to be constructing and flourishing, no matter if as a result of ecu help or as a result of becoming sub-regional identities.This quantity deals subtle theoretical types and methods that are attuned to the recent dynamics and contradictions of a variety of regionalist tasks within the modern heart East. Case experiences of crucial nearby companies in numerous coverage fields supply complete overviews of the most actors, associations, historic improvement and present matters.
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Additional info for Beyond Regionalism? (The International Political Economy of New Regionalisms)
Shaun Breslin, Richard Higgott and Ben Rosamond (2002, 14) assert in a more recent overview of scholarship on regionalism that “the literature comparing regional projects remains stubbornly small. ” They attribute this sorry state of affairs to a widespread ﬁxation on the experience of the European Union and the general unwillingness of western scholars to delve into the complexities of regionalism in peripheral parts of the world (see also Cochrane 1969). On the other hand, Breslin, Higgott and Rosamond (2002, 17) point out that “to undertake comparison, we need to have something with which to compare,” so focusing on the EU may not be completely wrong-headed.
Such arguments were commonplace in the mid-1960s, but look much less attractive today (Hansen 1969). Nye subsequently adopts a quite different set of criteria for differentiating regional organizations from one another. In Peace in Parts, he suggests that regionalist projects “can be distinguished by their major ofﬁcial or formal function (military security, political diplomacy, economic development, or whatever); by the number of their functions in practice (mono-functional versus multi-functional); by the controversiality of their functions (‘technical’ versus ‘political’); by the size of their members (egalitarian or nonegalitarian); by the degree of geographical contiguity of the memberships; and by a number of other criteria” (Nye 1971, 5).
I argue that regional actors are not just “set” on tangents shaped by international constraints but instead constantly strive to gain and widen their autonomy vis-à-vis these structures. The extent to which they are able to do so is delineated by domestic and international constraints that are inﬂuenced by the economic, political and social differences between the region’s states. Monarchies and Arab republics, rich and poor states, regional centers versus peripheries are confronted with speciﬁc domestic conditions, differing degrees of state building and differing degrees of regional and international autonomy.