Atrocities, Massacres, and War Crimes: An Encyclopedia, by Alexander Mikaberidze

By Alexander Mikaberidze

The 400-plus entries in "Atrocities, Massacres, and struggle Crimes: An Encyclopedia" supply obtainable and concise details at the tricky topic of abject human violence dedicated on all continents. The entries during this two-volume paintings describe atrocities, massacres, and conflict crimes devoted within the twentieth century, thereby documenting how people have again and again confirmed their strength to devote bad acts of inhumanity even in fairly fresh occasions and in the smooth period. The encyclopedia covers international locations, treaties, and phrases; profiles people who have been officially indicted for warfare crimes in addition to those that have devoted mass atrocities and long gone unpunished; and addresses human rights violations, crimes opposed to humanity, and crimes opposed to peace.

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Khartoum, Sudan: Khartoum University Press, 1987. Allied Military Tribunals (1945–1948) Following the conclusion of World War II, leading figures of the German and Japanese governments and armed forces were prosecuted on war crimes charges. The trials of the principal figures took place at Nuremberg in Germany and Tokyo in Japan. , and Soviet governments, meeting in London, signed an agreement that created the International Military Tribunal and set ground rules for the trial. To avoid using words such as law or code, the document was named The London Charter of the International Military Tribunal.

After months of investigations, the Zamir Committee found no specific fault with the Israeli security forces present at the al-Aqsa Mosque that day. Instead, the committee found fault with extremists on both the sides, although the implication was that Arab extremism had largely contributed to the showdown. This begs the question, however, as to why the Israelis had not anticipated such violence and why they had not attempted to stop the march in the first place. Since the massacre, Haram al-Sharif has witnessed increased security to prevent another show of mass violence.

Priebke was extradited from Argentina to Italy in 1995; | he was eventually convicted and sentenced to life in prison in 1998. The Ardeatine massacre has become a symbol of German wartime atrocities in Italy, and the historical realities have been obscured by myth and conjecture. For example, the actual number of Germans killed in the Via Rasella and whether or not Adolf Hitler actually issued a Fuhrerbefehl (Fuhrer order) for the reprisal are still unclear. It has also been alleged that the Via Rasella bombing was planned by the communistled GAP specifically to provoke a reprisal that would fall most heavily on the many noncommunist antifascists in German prisons.

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