By Teun Hoekstra
This publication includes 14 articles through Teun Hoekstra (1953-1998) on middle matters in syntactic thought. a few articles specialise in the constitution of DP, others at the constitution of the sentence as a complete, whereas others nonetheless deal explicitly with the parallels among the 2. The papers are allotted over 4 sections: "Argument structure", "T-chains", "The morphosyntax of verbal and nominal projections" and "Small clauses". greater than half the articles during this booklet are released the following for the 1st time or look for the 1st time in English. Hoekstra's paintings is characterised through a basic curiosity within the crucial questions of syntactic conception, such a lot significantly the relation among argument constitution and X-bar constitution. This targeted curiosity ended in a deep figuring out of the proposal of transitivity, with recognize to either the prestige of the exterior argument and that of the interior argument, the place "status" refers to either the content material and the licensing. during this choice of papers, Hoekstra stories on his insights in those concerns. so far as content material and licensing of the exterior argument is worried, this assortment includes papers at the relation among passives and their energetic opposite numbers, the parallels among possessives and transitives and the variations and similarities among earlier participles and infinitives. As to the inner argument, we discover papers addressing sentential complementation, verbal affixation and resultatives. and there's a entire part on stressful, and its function in protecting the sentence jointly. one of many papers during this assortment is Hoekstra's vintage, yet hitherto unpublished "Small clauses all over" (more than 70 pages), which summarizes Hoekstra's perspectives on such concerns as resultatives, particle verbs and double item structures.
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Extra info for Arguments and Structure: Studies on the Architecture of the Sentence
Az en haza-m the I house-1SG It seems more likely therefore that the agreement it triggered from this position, in a structure of the type in (65): (65) DP g D’ 3 D AgrP a 3 Spec Agr’ en 3 Agr NP -m g # N # haza z------m with head-raising of N to Agr (alternatively, the form hazam is inserted in fully inflected form, and checked in the Agr-position). We may then further assume that the nominative possessor in the examples in (34) remains silent, Hungarian being a pro-drop language. This pronominal element takes the dative DP as its antecedent.
The possessor, not being case-licensed by the incorporated D, moves on to the matrix subject position. Thus, the Benveniste hypothesis is syntactically implemented. A nice piece of support for the similarity between HAVE and BE plus dative can be obtained from the following. Eastern Dutch has two types of inalienable possessive constructions, given in (38)–(39), cf. Van Bree (1981) for extensive description. The examples are taken from Broekhuis and Cornips (1994): (38) a. Hem Him zijn are de the handen hands vies.
The former hypothesis on the nature of ergative systems is the Von der Possessors 17 Gabelentz hypothesis mentioned above. However, as the examples from Eskimo given in (28) show, this can only be part of the story. The structure of the passive (28c) is identical to the S-AgrP part of (32), with a potential adjunct identifying the external argument and a verbal base carrying the inflectional morphology. On top of this structure a nominal projection can be built, with the external argument rendered in ergative case.